贝尔纳多 · 卡瓦利诺Cavallino, Bernardo（1616年—1656年），意大利画家、制图员
据说他的训练马西莫Stanzione,和画家安德里亚瓦卡罗,影响安东尼·范·戴克,但他的画也可以被描述为等距卡拉瓦乔和Bartolome Esteban Murillo在风格;暗色调主义上空弥漫着一个戏剧性的甜味,带来狂喜,感觉高罗马巴洛克雕塑的特征。大家都知道他曾在那不勒斯圈Stanzione强烈影响,其中包括安东尼奥·德·贝利斯,艾Gentileschi,弗朗西斯科·Francanzano,阿戈斯蒂诺•Beltrano和弗朗西斯科·Guarino.
Born in Naples, he is thought to have died during the plague epidemic in 1656. Little is known about his background or training. Of eighty attributed paintings, less than ten are signed. He worked through private dealers and collectors whose records are no longer available.
It is said that he trained with Massimo Stanzione, befriended the painter Andrea Vaccaro, and was influenced by Anthony van Dyck, but his paintings could also be described as equidistant from Caravaggio and Bartolomé Esteban Murillo in styles; tenebrism enveloped with a theatrical sweetness, a posed ecstasy and feeling characteristic of the high Roman baroque statuary. He is known to have worked in Neapolitan circles strongly influenced by Stanzione, which included Antonio de Bellis, Artemisia Gentileschi, Francesco Francanzano, Agostino Beltrano and Francesco Guarino.
Most of Cavallino's works are on the scale of cabinet paintings, and he is not known to have executed any large decorations. The art historian Ann Percy describes him as "the most individual and most poetic painter active in Naples during the first half of the 17th century ... uniting a refinement and virtuosity of brushwork with an intensely naturalistic observation of surfaces, and complex and dramatic compositions with an extraordinary brilliance of palette."One of his masterpieces is the billowing proletarian Blessed Virgin at the Brera Gallery in Milan. Passive amid the swirling, muscular putti, this Neapolitan signorina delicately rises from the fog, the updated Catholic baroque equivalent of a Botticelli's Venus. His The Ecstasy of St Cecilia exists both as cartoon (Museo di Capodimonte, Naples) and final copy in the Palazzo Vecchio of Florence. Finally, his Esther and Ahasuerus hangs in theUffizi Gallery.