新印象派的理论主要包括：①色彩的分割理论，及分割法。②主张色彩、线的表现性与情感的特质相结合。新印象主义既是印象主义的某些技法和科学实践相结合的产物，同时也是印象派（凭直觉、凭经验的写实主义）向古典主义（重法则、重理论、重秩序）的转化。 代表人物有乔治·修拉、保罗·西涅克、卡米尔·毕沙罗、M. 吕斯、H.-E.克罗斯等。新印象派开始活动是1880年左右及以后。1886年5 月法国巴黎举办了第八届印象派展览，此次展览最受瞩目的是修拉和西涅克，修拉展出了他的一幅毕生杰作《大碗岛的星期日下午》，获得极高评价。同年十二月美术批评家亚塞奴·亚历山大在一家杂志《艾维奴曼》首用“新印象派”一词，称呼以修拉为首领的集团。这就是新印象派名称的来由。把他开创的理论加以发扬的画家是保罗·西涅克(Paul Signac,1863--1935)。修拉死后，西涅克成为新印象派的首领。他运用长方形笔触描绘巴黎城市风光和乡间景色，特别是许多水上风光。虽然仍然使用纯色，但画面较为活泼，与修拉的古典气派不尽相同。西涅克还把他和修拉的理论写成专著《从德拉克罗瓦到新印象主义》，总结了从法国浪漫主义到印象主义再到新印象主义的实践和理论。
One of the founders of Neo Impressionist Paul Sinek in his book "from E Delacroix to new impressionism" (1899) for the new definition of Impressionism said: "they are since 1886 the development of divisionism technology, the use of hybrid segmentation of color and color of light, in order to express their intentions." "Segmentation technology, is based on the optical principle of pure color with small blocks, arranged adjacent to each other near the canvas, than on the drawing board to obtain better brightness color mixing. So also known as pointillism Neo impressionism.
The aim is to change the light and color (shadow) over a period of time.
The appearance of Neo Impressionism is closely related to the rapid development of science. The theory and experimental results of Optics and color science have strongly promoted the development of the concept and technology of plastic arts, including painting. Neo Impressionist painters have absorbed the theory of the effects of color contrast and the blending of colors and colors, recognizing that pure color is more artistic than a mixture of colors by visual blending. In addition, the concept and application of the Swiss scholar D Sutter's book "Aesthetics" (1865), emphasizing the role of Science in the painting, advocated the use of the test results and the establishment of scientific laws, promote the generation of Neo impressionism.
Advocates of Neo Impressionism is George Shola (Georges Seurat, 1859--1891). Study on color science with his works, trying to feel to rise to rational analysis, a form of science. His painting is large, although the amount is not much, but it has an important position, because these elaborate representations of the geometry and form structural elements of concern, has indicated in twentieth Century Abstract artists. Seurat is representative of "big bowl island Sunday afternoon" (1884--1885), in the picture, many people rarely overlap, the painter used a precise and scientific method between structured characters of spatial distance. The stable structure of painting gives people the impression of classical art. The contrast between red and green, yellow and purple, blue and orange. Seurat is very talented, but died young.
Soon, after twentieth Century, the rise of Cubism, the first to be defeated is the new impressionism.
This is more than the Impressionist further using the description method of scientific pursuit of external optical performance. The use of color segmentation theory, that is, the division of painting. From the optical principle, color mixing, can increase the amount of light, the color segmentation method is mixed, can increase the amount of light, improve the reflectance and brightness. Artists use a solid color on the picture, mixed color in the palette upward, so that the middle color is in the viewer (some distance away from the eyes of the natural picture) produced by mixing.
According to this principle, they will be divided into seven kinds of color tone, seven color sunlight, painting is pure color dot arrangement, using people's eyes and put themselves into the color mixing, color visual effect directly. For example: peach is a white and red tone, but if the white and red together, do not mix it, the viewer's eyes at a certain distance in the past, there is still a "peach" feeling. In order to avoid their color in the color palette caused by color opacity, so try to direct the primary dots on the screen, keeping the purity and lightness of color itself, so that the screen bright and lively. Because using short pen contact tracings techniques, so "pointillism" has become the new Impressionist alias.
Another feature of Neo impressionism by use of mathematical structure in the composition, from the color of the fine segmentation, layout, so that the whole and the part of the relationship between the characters and size related, according to a fixed proportion, this is their segmentation in painting into the famous "bold Greek golden ratio". The pursuit of the unity of rhythm from the form of the relationship, but purely by means of modeling to show a dream of poetry atmosphere.The theory of Neo impressionism mainly includes: Theory of color segmentation and segmentation. It advocates the combination of color and line performance and emotional characteristics. The new product is some of the techniques and Impressionism impressionism scientific practice, but also the Impressionist (by intuition and experience to classical realism) (heavy, heavy law theory, the transformation of order). Representatives are George Shola, Paul Sinek, Kamil Pissarro, M., H.-E., Marius, etc.. Neo impressionism began around 1880 and beyond. In May 1886 the French Paris held the eighth Impressionist exhibition, the exhibition is the most watched Seurat and Sinek Seurat exhibited his life masterpiece "a big bowl island Sunday afternoon", get a high evaluation. In December of the same year, art critic Jaseno Alexander in a magazine "Avi Manu Man" the first "new impressionism", as the leader of the group to call seurat. This is the new name for the impressionist. The painter who pioneered his theory was Paul Sinek (Paul Signac, 1863--1935). Seurat died, to become the new leader of the Impressionists signac. He uses rectangular strokes to depict the city and countryside of Paris, especially many of the water scenery. Although still use a solid color, but the picture is more lively, not the same with Seurat's classical style. Sinek and his theory of written monograph "Seurat from Delacroix to the new" summarized from Impressionism, French romanticism to Impressionism to the theory and practice of Neo impressionism.
Neo Impressionism in modern art history, but the pilot in a short period of time, its rise in late nineteenth Century at the time, and did not have a significant impact, but it has brought a lot of influence of modern painting. For example, "OPPLE Art" (OP) in the performance of the color is subject to the revelation of Neo impressionism.
Belong to the new impressionist painter, not only the application of light in the creation of the visual analysis and physiological characteristics, in order to reach the highest purity and fresh colors, bright shine picture cause. Moreover, on the screen to further clarify the concept of order.
The factors of Neo Impressionism in the history of Western painting color method and segmentation method to carry forward, Everbright, since a complete system, in the history of the merit is undeniable. The new impressionist painting gives people a strict sense of order, has its own taste and realm. However, new impressionism as a kind of modeling system has obvious defects, it leaves the objective nature, into subjective and conceptualization. The early works of this faction due to explore the natural beauty, the beauty of this through a certain order and law of the people obsessed with. But once out of nature, indulge in the rigid rules, work becomes an approximate diagram without feelings.