The Baroque art style is a popular seventeenth Century. Its name comes from a different point of view. It is said to be from Portugal or Spain, which means the beads are not round; and it is said to come from Italian, with a strange, eccentric, or wrong meaning. On the whole, the name contained a derogatory meaning at that time, which was the title of a kind of artistic style in the eighteenth Century. The classical view of the Baroque is a kind of art of disintegration and collapse, but only to a later time, the Baroque art has a more fair evaluation. Baroque art came into being in the second half of sixteenth Century, it was in seventeenth Century, entered in eighteenth Century, in addition to northern Europe and central Europe, it gradually declined. Baluowen art originated in Italy, it is undoubtedly related to the Counter Reformation, Rome was the center of the church, so it will be not at all surprising rise in Rome, it can be said that Bagk is not a religious art invention, but it is for the service of the church, by religious use, the church is the most strong pillar of it.
Generally speaking, the Baroque art has some characteristics as follows: first, it is a luxury feature, it has both religious characteristics and hedonism colors; the two is that it is a passion for art, it breaks the rational peace and harmony, with a strong romantic color, very strong imagination of the artist's three tone; it is strongly emphasized, movement, movement and change can be said to be the soul of Baroque art; the four is the sense of space it works and three-dimensional sense; five is its comprehensive nature, Baroque art emphasized the art forms, such as in the construction of architecture and sculpture, drawing attention to comprehensive, in addition, Baroque art also absorbed some factors and imagine the fields of literature, drama, music and other; six is that it has a strong religious color, religious themes in Baroque art in the dominant Status; seven is the most Baroque artists from the tendency of the life and times, such as in some people's image became the zenith, not worth mentioning, as are some patterns. Of course, some positive Baroque art master is not in this case, such as Lubensi, Benigni's works and life remained closely.The origin of the word "Baroque" is still unclear. It may come from the following three words: Italian Baroco, to discuss a medieval theology quite ridiculous; Italian baroc-chio, refers to the dubious business activities; the Portuguese Barocco, syndactyly of pearl. Three words are containing Qizhiyi strange paradox, so since eighteenth Century, as a sarcastic call them are likely to be prejudiced to the Baroque art. This tendency is particularly evident in the classical and neo classical literary theories. This derogatory meaning of the title not only represents the classical school of prejudice, but also shows that the Baroque art research is very little, not much understanding. Since the late nineteenth Century, it received a positive evaluation of Baroque art, German art historian W. Lv Bu g in its architectural history "," Swiss historian J. Lockhart in Boolean "Italy art guide" and other books, all praise the beauty of the Baroque architecture, the construction industry also appeared some follow Pakistan Rock style works, such as the The Paris Opera House. To determine the status of academic research in the German art historian H. woerfulin published in 1888 the "Renaissance and Baroque" one book, he pointed out that the Baroque main schools after the Renaissance, and has made the analysis and Study on the characteristics of history. After him, the Italy scholar E. Jonny in 1895 and the characteristics of the Southern Civilization of seventeenth Century divided into Baroque, academic circles gradually formed in seventeenth Century is the concept of the Baroque era, even Baroque music and Baroque Baroque Literature, philosophy was gradually deepening in the history of art and culture in the research of the problem.
In addition to confirm the historical status of Baroque art. The western academic research on relevant issues and on the other hand the development, which is relative to the baroque style characteristics of the Renaissance as a universal art form development mode, think of other times and other folk art also have the evolution from Renaissance to Baroque, even think this is not the social content of art or visual form as an independent law transfer. First of all, it is also Wolfflin ("the principle of art history", 1915). He put the Renaissance represented classical and Baroque art as a form of bipolar, each have a series of mutual control features, and the formation of regular development from here. And so on, throughout the era of art has its classical and Baroque period, such as Greek art in 5 BC to fourth Century prior to the classical stage, the Hellenistic period for the Baroque stage; Gothic art in thirteenth Century 14 to fifteenth Century for the classical stage, Baroque stage; even Japanese art can be so classified. Wolfflin opened the doctrine of formalism in the genre analysis, Western influence is very large, many scholars believe that the characteristics of Baroque as each culture or civilization in the late stage, so that it has more general significance.
Baroque architecture can be traced back to Michelangelo's strong style and bold design, such as the Papal Basilica of Saint Peter (the Vatican dome) his two assistants, G.da Vigny and G.della in the 15681584 porta ora between the Rome Jesus church was recognized as the representative of Baroque style doctrine to the church interior is highlighted by the main hall and the central the dome, strengthen the central door role, with its structure and effect of the strong and tight Center shows new features, therefore, Jesus within the church and later became a baroque church facade pattern. The main representative of the early seventeenth Century Baroque architecture is the C. construction of the Rome Santa Susanna church Mardell Nobel (1597 ~ 1603), although in imitation of Jesus church, the proportion is more high and magnificent, the facade of the detail arrangement of layers of curved process, the closer the central gate more obvious (for example by a flat square column as a semi cylindrical longer 3/4 cylinder). The construction of three-dimensional shaping complex, dynamic strong. Madail Nor also served as an interior renovation and facade architectural design of Papal Basilica of Saint Peter. This famous building was designed according to Michelangelo and Baltar, built the central dome, but the church for religious ceremony, decided to modify the original design center, the main hall is lengthened Nobel Mardell first half, making it consistent with the traditional rectangular cross church church. The extension of the interior and Nobel Mardell facade still fully absorb the basic pattern of the giant Michelangelo shaped column, maintaining the overall sense of the magnificent, the facade of the Church of Santa Susanna arrangements have also taken a similar approach, the church with Baroque appearance. But because the main hall is lengthened, dome is arranged at the rear part, from the facade has not see the majestic dome, is in want of perfection.
Two of the most outstanding masters of the Baroque architecture of the period in seventeenth Century, G.L. Benigni and F at Boluo. Benigni and the sculptor and fine buildings, he in 1624 ~ 1633 years to complete, in the Papal Basilica of Saint Peter bronze canopy, is a 29 meter high giant screen to shed 4 spiral carved pillars supporting the roof, magnificent and gorgeous. Benigni has long served as the Papal Basilica of Saint Peter interior decoration, so that the integration of architecture and sculpture. The most famous is he for St. Peter's church altar design method, the holy light and the building of saints, angels and clouds soar stands by transmission with clever, give full play to the enthusiastic feature of Baroque art. Benigni also designed the front arms ring square and arched colonnade for Papal Basilica of Saint Peter, making it one of the most beautiful West square building. Boluo Minnie building hi with complicated uneven curves and a variety of geometric shapes, from the overall layout to the detailed arrangements can create new styles, such as the representative of the four spring of San Carlo church, Saint Ivo church, known as a model for the Baroque architecture. They were in Rome under the influence of the emergence of a large number of famous Baroque masters, such as Pietro Dakotona, C., M., C. Layinaerdi lenghi Fontana. They built many beautiful churches, palaces, squares and fountains in Rome, which made the Baroque pop all over europe.
In addition to Rome, north of Italy also appeared two famous masters: Venice B long, and the main work in Turin G. Gualini geithner. The former is representative of Venice health Santa Maria church, the latter Turin Church of St. Lorenzo and Shengxinduoneili chapel, with smart hideitsu win. The spread of Western Europe in the Baroque architecture, and with all the features and each one has his good points France and Britain, as with more rigorous color, southern Germany is up to the ultimate gorgeous brilliant, one of the fertile soil in Spain and Latin America is under the rule of the baroque. Spain's most enamored of Fanfu and magnificent, while in Latin America and some extent absorbed the Indians inherent traditional decoration art in the world, the formation of flower.Baroque painting can also be traced back to Michelangelo and the Renaissance masters such as Korejo and so on, but it was mainly developed by overcoming the style of the late sixteenth Century. In this process, the two biggest artists Caravaggio and A. Karachi respectively to realism and classicism is the main feature of the baroque style so formed is complex, it absorbed the master of health the realistic tendency and some skill characteristics (such as brightness, color, perspective, and etc.) Baroque architecture and development. Italy famous Baroque painting G., B. Strozzi, Reni, Guercino S. Rosa, especially in the construction and Peter Rowe of Cortona for outstanding?. His main work is Rome Barr Bellini palace hall murals and Florence Sapidi palace murals and decorative murals, the former inherits the traditional roof of Karachi and Guercino since, in the construction of the X-ray background let sky mythological figures with their extremely strong sense of great momentum, moving; the latter mural painting, sculpture and architecture with gorgeous as a whole and give full play to the Baroque features, has epoch-making significance in interior decoration art. The typical baroque paintings of the late seventeenth Century is the zenith of murals and decorative murals. The most famous is the creation of Shengyini Austria A. Pozzo Aceh church ceiling frescoes, the Baroque scenography played most incisive. But the greatest painter of the Baroque but not Italian, Flemish P.P. Lubensi, his passionate, bright and colorful art has a more lasting impact on Western painting. On the other hand, seventeenth Century is from the Baroque era perspective, several other realist masters such as Rembrandt of Holland, Spain D. Velazquez, also has some baroque style to a certain extent.