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蒋雨浓

蒋雨浓近现代著名国画家、书法家及文学家,一代中国画宗师,自号野叟,人称当代八大,受邀全国政协委员、前唐山市政协委员。

  • 中文名蒋雨浓
  • 性别
  • 国籍中国
  • 民族汉族
  • 居住地北京
  • 出生日期1908
  • 逝世日期1986
  • 职业美术家
  • 擅长花鸟
艺术家蒋雨浓简介

蒋雨浓近现代著名国画家、书法家及文学家,一代中国画宗师,自号野叟,人称当代八大,受邀全国政协委员、前唐山市政协委员。
蒋雨浓1908年生于河北唐山玉田县书香世家,五岁学书,七岁学画。1925年,年仅十四岁的蒋雨浓因为反对家庭包办婚姻,只身到北京,一边打工求学,一边钻研书画艺术。1930年,蒋雨浓来到绥远省,先后在教育厅民众教育处,绥远省立图书馆和蒙边司令部任军官。他的书画艺术深为傅作义将军所欣赏,经常为傅将军写字作画。也就是在此期间,他得以广研博采众多碑帖和书画理论书籍,出版了《书法津梁》一书,后加入中国画研究会。
40年代蒋雨浓常与画家张善孖、徐燕荪、王雪涛、罗元枝、秦仲文、王青芳、李苦禅等切磋画技,与李苦禅、王青芳、白铎斋时称“京中四怪”。
三四十年代已享誉京华及东瀛日本。曾在中山公园中山堂、前门箭楼、王府井、琉璃厂、荣宝斋、清秘阁,天津艺林画社等地多次举办个人画展。
1947年,夫人赵桂贞辞世,与独女蒋丽娟(1937年出生,生有一子魏曙光、一女蒋晓春)相依为命。后娶周敏珍女士为妻,生有二男二女(蒋丽英1948年出生,生有一子邱嘉秋、蒋乃昌1950年生人,生有一女蒋春光、蒋乃明1952年出生,生有一女蒋娜、蒋丽兰1955年生人,生有一女石欣欣。)
由于家族多为国民党高级官员与资本家,1951年5月,被无辜认定为国民党特务嫌疑人,而实行管制。公安部门多次传讯,终因证据不足而不能定论。
抗战胜利后获全国百名画家展最佳奖。当时北平《时报》、《晨报》对他的作品均有高度赞誉。东南宗院渡边晨亩来华访问时给以高度评价并邀展览。
自1958年起,文化部先后两次来函邀请蒋雨浓先生任中央美术美院教授。
由于家族为多人为国民党高官,故因家族人事牵连而久处逆境湮没无闻。十年浩劫,四百幅精品被焚,并被遣返玉田,晚年仍执着艺术探求。
1967年红卫兵抄家,将珍贵书画400多幅、古砚200多方统统抢劫一空;几箱古书孤本、宋明版本古籍都付之一炬。
1968年(60岁)9月遣返故乡,受尽批判斗争之苦、饱尝冷暖炎凉之辱。因作反映其返乡生活的《煮饭图》,而被扣上“丑化社会主义”的帽子进行批斗。
挨批斗之余,他以芦苇杆捆绑猪鬃、马尾、公鸡颈翎自制短锋、长锋笔,用糊窗户纸上为乡亲们作画。此时,画作不钤印章、不题款,题者只题“浓写或雨浓写”。
70年代后,在书法及山水花鸟画上取得突出成绩,作品直抒胸臆、以禅入画,形成了孤高傲岸又极富生活情趣的艺术风格,达到了传统文人画的最高境界。艺术成就被收录在《中国美术家人名补遗辞典》。
1981年,全国政协邀请其加入全国政协委员并颁发邮寄“全国政协委员”证书。同时,文化部来函,欢迎其到中央美院任教。蒋雨浓先生未予理睬。
83年保定地委书记力荐,在莲池举办百幅"野叟书画展"。随后在唐山、深圳等地展览,作品被全国政协副主席著名收藏家鉴赏家周叔韬老先生视为当代上乘之作。在河北唐山期间任政协委员。
1984年,全国政协副主席肖华上将建议、德国大使邀请其在德国筹办个人画展,但文化主管部门提出要和他们指定的两名年轻画家的作品同时出展。蒋先生不愿受人摆布而拒展。
蒋先生1986年去逝后,社会各界为弘扬其艺术成就,挖掘其文化内涵,于2010年,共同成立了蒋雨浓书画研究会。
蒋雨浓早年著"书法津梁"传世,晚年编著了《群芳堂随笔》,总结从事国画艺术70年的心得体会,并阐述了国画创作中的纸、笔、墨、水的辩证关系及其应用理论,但至今尚未得到付梓问世的机会。一生作品大量流失海外,至今追回数量甚微。画家辞世后,千人哀伤,后人以诗赞叹,叙文怀念,一生史迹记载于"冀东名人录"中。
蒋雨浓画技精湛,且对儒道释皆有深入研究和体会,深刻领悟中国画之精髓,超脱技法,会意于画中。可谓登画之高境。由于他的题材、笔墨,浓聚了生活和时代气息,体现了个人创作风格,用笔老辣遒劲,力透纸背,虽一点之微却落纸有声,特别是他的鱼虫花鸟画,不受传统花鸟题材局限,一经摄入笔底,令人耳目一新,墨中有色,色中有墨,即使同一题材也幅幅不同,因而受到广大书画收藏者的广泛喜爱和搜求。
蒋雨浓早年致力于工笔花鸟,晚年致力于大写意,他非常注重优秀民族传统的继承,推崇青藤、石涛八大山人,但不自缚,师法造化,锐意创新。正如他自己所言:生克制化,阴阳向背,远近疏密,气韵浓淡,虚实相间,意境分明,笔引气随,衔接有致,收放冲压,开合聚散……他更注重笔、墨、水的有机结合,笔为骨,墨为肌,水为血,通神入化,以夺造化之寄。他作画时,时而在十指宽的长幅琴条中写深山、流泉、古树、茅舍,疏密有度,情趣突出;时而在近方的构图中描绘浩渺的寒林,一缕悠悠的薄云,在朦胧深处显现幽远的神韵。他画的麻雀、猿猴、鱼、苍鹰、斗鸡、黑猫、罗汉、松竹、花卉等笔意恣纵,淋漓疏爽,寓巧于拙,不拘绳墨,充分体现了自己的墨色,达到了法与化统一之境界。
蒋雨浓从不困惑于肤浅的功利主义,更鄙薄那些困于名缰于利锁而不自拔的人,相反,他却把自己的精力加以升华,对中国画的发展进行了潜心的探索,既吸取古人工夺造化、刻画严谨的特长,又融文人画以“禅”入画的特点,文人画常以“禅”求“悟”,要求主体的修身和悟性,通过艺术表现画家的“省悟”与“法身”,恰如其分地体现于艺术之中,使艺术真正反映人的心灵,在艺术上,蒋雨浓非常崇敬前人,对艺术流派,他无比包涵,有如虚谷。但是有一点,他就是他自己,自己的风格,在艺术实践方面,他是“我自为我,自有我法。”蒋雨浓笔绘作品有精湛的造诣,更兼工指画、舌画。指画自清初画坛高其佩迄今,一直不乏名家,而以舌代笔的作品,实属罕见。他说:“舌画乃气之静功也,心静则为之,气运舌类则如狼毫之类锋笔,勾勒似折股钗,柔中见刚,气运舌底则如羊毫至秃头笔,渲染如云雨之润泽,以虚当实,墨气淋漓”。蒋雨浓所做舌画,逸笔草草,不求形似,妙在似与不似之间,逸情妙趣,跃然纸上,堪称一绝,遗憾的是留下的舌画作品不多。

Introduction to the artist

Jiang Yu is thick modern home of famous traditional Chinese painting, calligrapher and writer, the traditional Chinese painting in generation masters of great learning and integrity, from name tough old man, person is contemporary 8 big,
Jiang Yu is thick sweet old and well-known family of book of county of cropland of jade of hill of boreal the Tang Dynasty of unripe 1908 Yu He, 5 years old learn a book, 7 years old learn a picture. 1925, year only Jiang Yu of 14 years old is thick because object domestic arranged marriage, go to Beijing alone, work at the same time attend school, study art of painting and calligraphy at the same time. 1930, jiang Yu is thick will peaceful far province, teaching department of hall people education early or late, peaceful far provincial library and unconscious edge headquarters hold the post of officer. His painting and calligraphy is artistic deeply appreciation of place of Fu Zunyi's general, often write draw for teach general. It is namely during this, he be able to wide grind rich picks numerous a rubbing from a stone inscription and book of theory of painting and calligraphy, published " calligraphy ferry bridge " one book, china is joined to draw seminar after.
Rain of 40 time Jiang is thick often draw with the of painter Zhang Shan, Xu Yansun, Wang Xuetao, Luo Yuanzhi, Qin Zhongwen, Wang Qingfang, compare notes such as Li Kuchan, qing Fang, as white as Li Kuchan, king say when bell fast " in Beijing 4 strange " .
339 time already were famous in capital and Dong Ying Japan. Factory of well of government office of an embrasured watchtower over a city gate of hall of Zhongshan of park of Ceng Zaizhong hill, front door, king, coloured glaze, Rong Baozhai, Qing Bige, tianjin art circles draws company and other places to hold individual art exhibition for many times.
1947, world of demit of chastity of madam Zhao laurel, with alone female Jiang Lijuan (was born 1937, unripe have one child Xiao Chun of Wei Shuguang, one female Jiang) depend on each other. Ms. Zhou Minzhen is married to be after wife, unripe have 2 male 2 female (Jiang Liying was born 1948, unripe have one child Qiu Jiaqiu, Jiang Naichang 1950 stranger, unripe spring scenery of one female Jiang, Jiang Naiming was born 1952, unripe have Li Lan of one female Jiang Na, Jiang 1955 stranger, unripe have one female Shixin glad. )
As a result of familial it is Kuomintang more senior official and capitalist, in May 1951, by innocent maintain for Kuomintang spy suspect, and practice control. Door of the Ministry of Public Security for many times summon for trial, be not worth because of evidence eventually and cannot final conclusion.
100 painters of countrywide are obtained to exhibit optimal award after war of resistance against aggression wins. North is smooth at that time " times " , " morning paper " all have high recognition to his work. Courtyard of southeast an administrative unit in Xizang crosses Bian Chen mu come China give height is evaluated when the visit and invite an exhibition.
Since 1958, culture ministry cases twice early or late invite Mr Jiang Yu thick to hold the post of beautiful courtyard of the art central to teach.
As a result of familial for much more factitious Kuomintang curule, reason is long because of embroil of kindred personnel matters place adversity annihilation is not had hear. 10 years of catastrophe, 400 high-quality goods are burned, and by repatriate jade cropland, old age still persistent and artistic hunting.
Search sb's house and confiscate his property of red 1967 guarder, will precious painting and calligraphy many 400, Gu Yan 200 rob one sky completely with all possible means; Ancient books of version of the only copy extant of ancient books of a few box, Song Ming commit to the flames.
1968 (60 years old) in September repatriate birthplace, the suffering that suffers all kinds of critically fight, full taste the disgrace with hot and cold changes in temperature. Because make those who mirror its to return countryside to live " cook graph " , and be buckled to go up " defame socialism " the cap undertakes criticize and denounce sb.
Endure criticize and denounce sb, he binds plume of neck of bristle, horsetail, cock to abstain with bulrush lever short sharp edge, grow sharp edge pen, go up to make a picture for villagers with burnt window paper. Right now, the picture is made not seal seal, do not inscribe a paragraph, the person that inscribe is inscribed only " thick write or rain is thick write " .
After 70 time, outstanding result is obtained on calligraphy and picture of hill spray bird, chest of bosom of work straight express, with buddhist suitable for a painting, formed Gu arrogant bank the artistic style of interest of extremely rich life, reached the highest state that traditional bookman draws. Artistic achievement is collected to be in " name of Chinese art family addendum dictionary " .
1981, countrywide the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference invites his to join committee member of countrywide the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference to be issued mail " committee member of countrywide the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference " certificate. In the meantime, culture ministry will case, welcome its to teach to central beautiful courtyard.
Jian of force of secretary of perfectural Party committee of 83 years of Baoding, " of art exhibition of book of 100 " tough old man is held in lotus pool. Exhibit in and other places of Tang Shan, Shenzhen subsequently, work by vice-chairman of countrywide the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference famous collector connoisseur Mr Zhou Shutao old regards as contemporary and excellent make.
1984, ambassador of proposal of general of Xiao Hua of vice-chairman of countrywide the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, Germany invites his to make preparations in Germany individual art exhibition, but the work of two when culture director branch puts forward to want to be appointed with them young artists goes at the same time exhibit. Mr Jiang does not wish to suffer a person to order about and refus is exhibited.
Mr Jiang 1986 after dies, social all circles is accomplished to promote its art, dig its culture connotation, 2010, established seminar of Jiang rain thick painting and calligraphy jointly.
Jiang rain thick one's early years writes be handed down from ancient times of " of bridge of " calligraphy ferry, old age compiled " essay of hall of beautiful women or fragrant flowers " , sum up the result that is engaged in art of traditional Chinese painting 70 years to experience, the adj relation of the paper in elaborating traditional Chinese painting to create, pen, Chinese ink, water reachs his to use theory, but the chance that has not get Fu Zi comes out up to now. Lifetime work is much prediction of a person's luck in a given year is abroad, recover an amount up to now very small. After painter demit world, 1000 people grief, later generations gasps in admiration with the poem, preface yearning, account of lifetime historical sites in " of blue book of " Ji Dong.
Ability of Jiang rain strong picture is masterly, and right Confucianism path commentate all have thorough research and experience, comprehend the marrow that China draws deeply, law of stand aloof ability, knowingly in the picture. It may be said enters the high area of the picture. As a result of his subject matter, writing, thick got together the life and period flavor, reflected an individual to create a style, use an old hot powerful, force shows paper back, although one small fall however paper is phonic, especially picture of his water flea painting of flowers and birds in traditional Chinese style, do not accept limit of subject matter of traditional painting of flowers and birds in traditional Chinese style, once absorb pen bottom, your person finds everything new and fresh, the coloured in Chinese ink, there is Chinese ink in color, although same theme also different, of the person that be collected consequently by broad painting and calligraphy love extensively and search for.
Jiang rain thick one's early years devotes oneself to painting of flowers and birds in traditional Chinese style of traditional Chinese realistic painting characterized by fine brushwork and close attention to detail, old age devotes oneself to great desire, what he pays attention to fine people tradition very much is successive, person of praise highly green cane, Shi Tao, 8 big hill, but not from ligature, imitate thes Creator, acute meaning innovates. No less than he himself place character: Unripe exercise restraint change, support or oppose of yin and yang, density of far and near, enrage charm shade, alternate with of false or true, artistic conception is trenchant, the pen brings gas to follow, join have send, close put punch, close get together medicinal powder... the organic union that he pays attention to pen, Chinese ink, water more, the pen is bone, chinese ink is flesh, water is blood, connect a god to enter change, the Creator in order to seize send. When he makes a picture, the length of from time to time in 10 finger beam musical instrument in write remote mountains, shed spring, Gu Shu, thatched cottage, density has degree, appeal is outstanding; From time to time is in what grand insignificant depicts in square composition of a picture nearly is cold forest, the Bao Yun of a leisurely, in hazy in show deep and remote far verve. The pen meaning do as one pleases such as the spadger that he draws, apes and monkeys, fish, Cang Ying, cockfighting, black cat, arhat, Song Zhu, flowers even if, dripping wet scanty bright, contain artful Yu Zhuo, carpenter's line marker of not stick to, the Chinese ink that reflected oneself adequately is lubricious, achieved law and change unitary state.
Jiang Yu is thick never baffle at peripheral utilitarian, more despise those are locked up tiredly at benefit at renown reins and not the person of extricate oneself, contrary, he tries his energy however sublimate, the development of the traditional Chinese painting in be opposite undertook the exploration of with great concentration, absorb the ancients labour to seize the specialty with good luck, rigorous depict already, bookman of be in harmony is drawn with " buddhist " the characteristic of suitable for a painting, bookman is drawn constant with " buddhist " beg " realize " , the cultivate one's morality of requirement main body and comprehension, behave a painter through art " be aware " with " law body " , appropriate ground reflects Yu Yi in art, make art reflects the person's spirit truly, artistically, jiang Yu is thick special esteem forefathers, to artistic genre, he bears with extremely, be like Xu Gu. But have a bit, he is him himself, oneself style, the aspect is fulfilled in art, he is " I am me oneself, have my way oneself. " work of paint of Jiang rain thick pen has masterly attainment, more picture of point at holding labour concurrently, tongue. Point at draws to this day of altar Gao Jipei at the beginning of Qing Dynasty oneself, there is no lack of all the time a person of academic or artistic distinction, and the work that ghostwrites with the tongue, solid belong to infrequent. He says: "The static work that glossal picture insults therefore also, calm does it, air transport tongue kind be like and so on of a writing brush made of weasel's hair sharp edge pen, draw the outline of be like fold a hairpin, soft in see firm, bald-headed pen comes like writing brush made of goat's hair by air transport tongue, apply colours to a drawing is like the moist of making love, become with empty solid, chinese ink enrages dripping wet " . Jiang rain great place makes glossal picture, ease pen carelessly, do not request be similar in form or appearance, clever in be like with do not be like between, ease love clever interest, on appear vividly paper, can weighs a special skill, the glossal picture work that regrets is to stay is not much.

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